Other Programmes PDF Print E-mail

other programmes

Over and above the commercial functions, the Board takes up many developmental activities, R&D and training programme with a view to improve the genetic potential of the cattle population for milk production as well as the feeding and management practices of livestock in the State.


Activities taken up under special schemes

Further development of the Sunandini through genetic selection, progeny testing and herd book organisation
Continued R & D programmes to support frozen semen production, embryo transfer, progeny testing, etc. for the tropical conditions
R & D programmes to identify suitable perennial varieties of grasses and legumes that can come up well under the mixed farming
Supporting farmers for the production of fodder seeds as a viable enterprise
Developing soil conservation methods using fodder cultivation as a means
Sharing the Board’s experience with other similar departments/organisations in various parts of the country through training programmes
Development of Malabari and Boer goats for prolificacy and weight gain
Produce and supply hybrid piglets through scientific breeding and selection practices

Pig Production

The Government sector has a production capacity of 6000 piglets per annum. In view of this, the Government decided to start a large pig breeding farm and thus increase the availability of quality piglets.


Production and supply of 10,000 piglets to the fattening farms annually
Production and supply of breeding stock to the breeding farms, which in turn will produce about 30,000 piglets for fattening
Providing hands-on training in pig husbandry

The breeding plan chosen was to keep 3 nucleus lines (Large White, Landrace and Duroc) produce F1 generation of Large white x Landrace as the female line and use Duroc as the terminal male for producing three way cross to be used as fattening stock. To ensure the highest productivity, the Board imported superior germ plasm from U.K. with the assistance of Swiss Development Cooperation.

Goat Breeding Centre

Malabari Goat Production

The major proportion of the goat population in Kerala belong to Malabari breed and is well adapted to the agro-climatic conditions of the State. As a part of the diversification programme, the Board, during the year 1990-91, started a pilot project on goats at Kulathupuzha.

The objectives of the project were:

Development of nucleus stock of Malabari goats through selective breeding for economic traits like prolificacy and weight gain
Development of a nucleus stock of Malabari breed aimed at the supply of superior breeding stock to the farmers.
Conduct of R&D programmes on deep freezing of buck semen, AI in goats, goat rearing practices, housing and management of goats under small herd system.

The project was subsequently shifted to the Dhoni Station where it was further expanded with the induction of new breeding stock purchased from selected pockets of northern Kerala.

Boer Goat Production

Boer goats are considered far superior to any other goats for meat production. It is known for rapid weight gain and heavy muscling and has high fertility. Boers typically give birth to twins. Crosses of local goats with Boers have proved to be a suitable genotype for the goat production system and well adapted to all types of climate. Within the confines of the general farmer of Kerala, high heat, seasonal rainfall and humidity should not compromise the performance of Boer goats.

Considering the above potentials of Boer goats and the necessity for improving the productivity of goats in the State by genetic improvement, the Board introduced Boer goats. As a first step 50 selected Boer goats and 10 selected Boer bucks were imported from Australia during 2001 under the National buck Production Programme.

The objectives of the programme are:

Maintaining a nucleus herd of Boer goats through selective breeding for economic traits.
Developing a nucleus stock of Boer goats aimed at the supply of superior breeding stock to farmers and other needy agencies.
Undertaking trials for crossbreeding Boer with Malabari goats to assess the performance of the crossbreds.
Undertaking R&D programmes on deep freezing of Boer buck semen and propagation of the breed through AI.

Freezing of the semen of selected Boer bucks is also being done in the Goat Breeding Centre.

New Schemes in Goat Production Sector
Conservation of Malabari goat germplasm and dissemination in the state of Kerala

Malabari is the only recognized breed of goat native to the state, known for their prolificacy and weight gain even under adverse management conditions. The project which is 100% Centrally sponsored, has a total outlay of the project is Rs. 28.40 lakhs for a period of two years. The scheme is to conserve and disseminate Malabari germplasm and the objectives are:


Identification of pure Malabari goats from their breeding tracts
Conservation of Malabari breed by maintaining a doe level of about hundred numbers
Maintaining a data bank and regular analysis for improving and selecting superior Malabari stock.
Distributing the superior bucks to a wider area so as to improve the production performance of goats in Kerala

Conservation and Improvement of Malabari Goats Through Field Performance Recording and Buck Distribution Programme

In order to have a substantial improvement in the goat production sector a new scheme has been initiated under plan funds from Government of Kerala, which envisage the following components.


Setting up field performance recording areas in the native tract of Malabari
Identify superior females in the FPR areas through performance recording for selection as buck dams
Produce sufficient quantities of male kids from the selected dams
Subject the male kids to performance recording for selection
Identify suitable agencies for purchase of the breeding bucks to be used
Improving the quality of the Malabari goats and upgrade the non-descript goats in the state
Establish a Malabari Goat Breeders’ Association for ensuring the sustenance of the selection and herd improvement program

National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding (NPCBB)

With a view to cover the entire breedable cattle of the state through AI programme using frozen semen, the Government of India is sponsoring the National Project for Cattle & Buffalo Breeding (NPCBB). The KLD Board has been nominated as the State Implementing Agency (SIA) of this 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme.

Through the implementation of NPCBB in Kerala, the State expects to achieve a better AI coverage through which the genetic potential of the animals are expected to increase. Milk production being the major requirement from cattle, the basic goal of genetic improvement would be for milk production traits.

Objectives of NPCBB


Radically improving coverage of bovine population under organized breeding programmes through AI using frozen semen
Delivery of AI inputs at the doorstep of the farmer
Improvement in quality of breeding bulls used
Strict quality control of services and inputs
Optimum capacity utilization in institutional infrastructure
Developing synergies among major players
Putting in place field recording and progeny testing programmes to identify and propagate superior germplasm for genetic improvement
Training and retraining of professionals and AI workers

A national seminar on “Frozen Semen Technology” was organized under NPCBB at Dhoni farm from 4th to 6th December 2003. About 200 delegates from various institutions/Livestock Development Boards/Departments/ Universities from all over the country participated in the seminar.

New Schemes under NPCBB


It is a statewide programme implemented by KLDB in collaboration with State Animal Husbandry Department, under the National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding.

The objective of the programme is to convert stationary AI centres to mobile centres, with a view to provide AI service at the farmers abode. As a part of this programme, telephone connections are being given to about 800 Artificial Insemination centres of the Animal Husbandry Department, through the Kerala Livestock Development Board. Also these centres are provided with specially designed metal crates with rubber padding to facilitate transport of the cryocans to the farmer’s premises.

Field Performance Recording (GOREKHA)

A statewide programme implemented by KLDB in collaboration with State Animal Husbandry Department, under the National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding.

Objectives of GOREKHA

Collecting baseline information on performance of animals for assessing current production situation
Assisting farmers in making management decisions to improve the productivity of their animals
Establishing long term genetic improvement programme
Identifying elite animals
Helping farmers in culling decision and buying of animals